With the end of the Crimean War, quite modest public interest in Fenton's photos quickly faded away, in 1862 he left photography for good, dying several years later, financially broken and almost forgotten. LC-USZC4-9159, Men of the 77th (The East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot in winter costume. LC-USZC4-9184, Captain Hughes, lately employed on special service in Circassia (he brought the important intelligence to the Allies at Kertch of the fall of Anapa). Encampment of the 71st Regiment at Balaclava commissariat camp, Tents and huts of British camps on hillside and valley at Balaklava. LC-USZC4-9268, Lord Raglan's Head Quarters, with Lord Raglan, Marshal Pélissier, Lord Burghersh, Spahi & Aide-de-camp of Marshal Pélissier. [Kamara Heights in the distance, artillery waggons in the foreground]. Roger Fenton, the very first war photographer, captured the grim reality of the Crimean War. He afterward made his way to Russia and took pictures of landscapes and buildings; he continued his work in Britain as well. LC-USZC4-9303, Captain Francis Baring, Fusilier Guards, Deputy Assistant Quartermaster General, attached to the Light Division. LC-USZC4-9146, Ismail Pacha & Mr. Thompson of the Commissariat. LC-USZC4-9361, Captain Walker, 30th Regiment. In our days, however, historians unanimously recognize Fenton's remarkable accomplishments not only for his keen artistic eye and seminal role in establish photography as an artistic endeavor, but also honor him as one of the first professional war photographers. LC-USZC4-9319, His Royal Highness Prince Napoleon. Fenton did not have much luck selling his Crimean War photos, but he continued to take photographs until 1863, when he became a lawyer in England until his death in 1869. Roger Fenton English, 1819–1869 About this artwork Prominent in photographic circles and favored by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, Roger Fenton was commissioned to document the British military during the Crimean War; his pictures there represent one of the first uses of photography in wartime. LC-USZC4-9273, Looking towards Mackenzie's Heights, tents of the 33rd Regiment in the foreground. LC-USZC4-9230, Captain Charles Aug. Drake Halford, 5th Dragoons. LC-USZC4-9143, View of British camp with Turkish camp in the distance on plateau before Sebastopol. 1855 Fenton was born into an affluent family near Manchester, England, in 1819 and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree from University College in London in 1840. Roger Fenton and the Crimean War Fenton was an exceptionally competent photographer, renowned for his technical skill. Roger Fenton Crimean War photograph collection/Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (Digital file no. LC-USZC4-9330, Major Daniels & officers of the 5th Dragoon Guards. LC-USZC4-9318, Lieutenant Sir John L. General Pennefather, C.B. LC-USZC4-9180, Captain Charles A. Fay on General Bosquets staff. He could not take action shots, as the subject had to remain still for the duration of the exposure, and Fenton did not believe in taking pictures of dead bodies. Morris found evidence that the photo without the cannonballs was taken first—he believes Fenton intentionally placed them there for a better picture. LC-USZC4-9156, Omar Pacha & Colonel Simmons, Queen's Commisioner at the head quarters of the He therefore concentrated on posed shots and on landscapes. ... photographed by Roger Fenton. LC-USZC4-9246, Major General Sir R. Dacres, Captain Hamley & Colonel Adye. His photos of the Crimean War are now considered to be the first pictorial documentation of war. LC-USZC4-9177, Camp of the 5th Dragoon Guards, looking towards Kadikoi. LC-USZC4-9240. Dr. John Sutherland is sitting on table, facing right, and Robert Rawlinson, sitting on chair. LC-USZC4-9167, The artist's van. Sparling had requested this picture be taken as a last record before they ventured into a dangerous area. LC-USZC4-9283, Lieutenant Yates, 11th Hussars, posed with dog, horse and groom. Watson, Major Fred. Sent out by the commercial firm of Thomas Agnews & Co to take photographs of the Crimean War, he brought with him a large white horse-drawn van, which had been converted from a wine merchant’s vehicle into a mobile darkroom. Roger Fenton was sent to record the Crimean War by Thomas Agnew of Agnew & Sons, where the United Kingdom, the Second French Empire, the Kingdom of Sardinia, and the Ottoman Empire were fighting a war against the Russian Empire. LC-USZC4-9299, Mortar batteries in front of Picquet house Light Division. LC-USZC4-9312, Two French officers, seated, and Zouave, standing with arm resting on rifle. But danger forced him to retreat back up the road, where he created this image. LC-USZC4-9282, British and French staff officers of the Head Quarters: 1) Colonel Vico; 2) Major the Honourable Leicester Curzon; 3) Lord Burghersh; 4) Orderly; 5) Count Revel; 6) Mr. Calvert Interpreter; 7) Colonel Poulet[t] Somerset; 8) Colonel A. Hardinge; 9) Dr. Prendergast; 10) Commander Maxse; 11) Colonel Kingcote; posed sitting and standing on steps at British(?) LC-USZC4-9160, Men of the 68th (The Durham) Regiment of Foot in ordinary dress. LC-USZC4-9142, The old Genoese Castle at Balaklava, from above the castle pier. Officers of the 71st Highlanders pose with a dog in a British encampment. Parker, Preston & J.A. LC-USZC4-9194, Viscount Kirkwall, Captain 71st Highlanders. Henry Press Wright, principal chaplain to the forces in the Crimea & Reverend Messieurs Wallace, William Sykes, Parson, H.A. LC-USZC4-9344, Lieutenant-General Sir John Campbell & group of officers. A terrible beauty: Roger Fenton Simon Grant1 In 1855 Roger Fenton took a photograph that became an iconic image of the Crimean War. Boudier, E.G. LC-USZC4-9188, View of Balaklava from the top of Guard's Hill. LC-USZC4-9302, Lieutenant General, the Honourable Sir James Yorke Scarlett, K.C.B. LC-USZC4-9144, Men seated by railroad bed under construction next to Balaklava harbor. LC-USZC4-9212, Sebastopol with the Redan, Malakoff & Mamelon. A collection of 263 of his war photos were sold to the Library of Congress in 1944 by his grandniece Frances M. Fenton and can be viewed at the Library of Congress. LC-USZC4-9117, Major Percy Archer Butler, 28th Regiment. LC-USZC4-9198, Captain Bathurst, Grenadier Guards. LC-USZC4-9124, Field train, horse artillery. These records never managed to capture battles, explosions, devastations, wounds, blood and tears, partly due to the limitations of photographic techniques of the period, but also because of official wish to glamorize the war and shift public attention away from government and military mismanagement, for which Crimean campaign became infamously known.