I was questioning why virtue ethics was contrasted with the other two, as I thought that consequentialism says "do x because y will happen and that is what is best", and deontology says "do x because those are the rules", but virtue ethics looks at the person rather than what should be done. In this essay I am going to explain the differences between the ethical schools of consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics and argue that in my opinion deontology is the most reasonable theory of the three. Intro to Ethics Paper #2 Deontology vs. Consequentialism Even though Deontology and Consequentialism can be extremely similar, both contain key factors that make each idea unique and very different. Virtue ethics is currently one of three major approaches in normative ethics. Consequentialism and deontology are useful not only for looking at personal decisions but also for breaking down the ethics of government policy and societal institutions. If you want even more, look at my Books and Links page. For deontology, look up the relevant thinkers, like Kant, Ross and Nozick, as well as the entry on Deontological Ethics. This is no surprise, given there is almost never an “ideal candidate” who satisfies all of a given voter’s criteria: political, economic, religious, and so on. The morality of an action is determined by the outcome of that action. Consequentialism, Deontology, and the Ethics of Voting The debate of consequentialism vs. deontology often resurfaces during election season. (“Normative Ethics. It may, initially, be identified as the one that emphasizes the virtues, or moral character, in contrast to the approach that emphasizes duties or rules (deontology) or that emphasizes the consequences of actions (consequentialism). German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was an opponent of Consequentialism, and propagated a deontological moral theory of ethics, which is popularly known as Kantianism theory of Ethics. At an initial glance, Utilitarianism seems as if it would be a superior way to live a life full of good will, as it is focused on doing the most The main difference between virtue ethics utilitarianism is that virtue ethics focuses on the person carrying out an action, whereas utilitarianism focuses on the consequences of the action.. Virtue ethics and utilitarianism are moral and ethical theories that have the ability to determine the rightness or wrongness of an action. Sometimes, it may appear that both these theories simply arrive at the same conclusion by way of different paths. For virtue ethics, look up the SEP entries on Virtue Ethics, Aristotle’s Ethics, etc. For Objectivist Ethical Egoism, I gave several good references at the end. Virtue ethics apply to ethics, while deontology and consequentialism apply to morals. Consequentialism The first school of ethics I am addressing, consequentialism, looks at or predicts the consequences of all actions. Utilitarian Ethics Vs Deontology 1515 Words | 7 Pages. ” n. d. ) Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) set forth what is generally accepted as the most advanced theory of deontological or duty-based ethics. Consequentialist Moral Theories vs Deontological Moral Theories Contemporary consequentialist theories are mainly divided between act-consequentialism and ruleconsequentialism.