Structuralism is regarded as the earliest school of thought in psychology. Some of these thinkers were also philosophers, educators, and therapists. Gestalt psychologists dismissed the idea that the mind could be broken up into parts. Write an essay that is 3-5 pages in length. Structuralism was, essentially, the study of all of the many elements of human consciousness. How intense were those memories? Psychoanalysis is based on the idea that our unconscious mind and childhood memories shape much of how we think, feel, and make decisions. https://www.lifepersona.com/structuralism-psychology-theory-and-concepts This school of thought helped to shape the way that we treat mental conditions today. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning; 2016. Behaviorists weren’t concerned with the conscious mind - they wanted to understand what was happening even farther beneath the surface. Wundts background was in physiology, which is why many of his experiments involved things such as looking at reaction times and sensory processes. Wilhelm Wundt, the founder of the first psychology lab, is often associated with this school of thought despite the fact that it was his student, Edward B. Titchener, who first coined the term to describe this school of thought. Instead, he called his to his approach to psychology as volunteerism. TOPIC : STRUCTURALISM 2. Functionalism looked at the function of behavior. He also published what is now regarded as the first psychology textbook. Presenters name: Ammara Khan Niazi ,, M.ed Student 3. Write an essay that is 3-5 pages in length. Let’s take a closer look at structuralism, how it formed, and influence it had on psychology. While Wundt is credited as the founder of structuralism, he didn’t not use the term to refer to his approach. Why couldn’t they do the same with consciousness? As you consider this question, keep in mind the history and culture of the period in which Titchener practiced compared to your understanding of psychology today. It provide base for further study in Psychology. They would ask about certain memories. Structuralism still has an important role to play during the beginnings of psychology, and understanding how it emerged can give students a greater appreciation of how psychology developed into what it is today. The study of psychology has had an enormous impact on our world. They believed, the whole is equal to the sum of the parts. It’s not exactly easy to find consistent patterns or findings when you are only using introspection as a method o… Plus, our memory isn’t always as good as we think it is. And it all started with schools of thought like structuralism, functionalism, and psychoanalysis. The motivations that influence our behaviors may be very hard to find, and are influenced by many different experiences. Researchers tried to understand the basic elements of consciousness using a method known as introspection. This video is about one of the earliest theories in psychology, developed at the first laboratory for psychology ever! But psychology has undergone a lot of changes throughout the centuries. What were you thinking at that moment? Structuralists believed that the way to learn about the brain and its functions was to break the mind down into its most basic elements. Wundt was interested in studying the inner workings of the mind in an objective and scientific manner. Many schools of thought have outright replaced and ridiculed its predecessors. R.E. Wundt Believe that he could carefully analyze each element of the mind, breaking things down into smaller parts, in order to understand how the mind works. How can structuralism be defined? He utilized a method known as introspection which involves training observers to carefully analyze the contents of their thoughts. PDF | On Jan 1, 2006, Jürgen Van de Walle and others published Structuralism | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Structuralism also influenced experimental psychology. Two other schools of thought, functionalism and psychoanalysis, also sprang up during that time. Structuralism sought to analyze the adult mind in terms of the simplest definable components and then to find the way in … For example, we have more information on how we sense things around and how this stimuli travels through the brain.