"[47] As Peter Gay writes, "[i]t never occurred to him that every child should be educated or that all those to be educated should be educated alike. "Reading Morals: Locke and Rousseau on Education and Inequality. For this reason, some critics have maintained that Some Thoughts Concerning Education vies with the Essay Concerning Human Understanding for the title of Locke's most influential work. Locke’s Some Thoughts Concerning Education was mostly composed from a series of letters to a friend about the education of his children. ", Ezell, Margaret J. M. "John Locke’s Images of Childhood: Early Eighteenth Century Responses to Some Thoughts Concerning Education. For this reason, some critics have maintained that Some Thoughts Concerning Education vies with the Essay Concerning Human Understandingfor the title of Locke's most influential work. Locke was also at the forefront of the scientific revolution and advocated the teaching of geography, astronomy, and anatomy. "[19], Locke's emphasis on the role of experience in the formation of the mind and his concern with false associations of ideas has led many to characterise his theory of mind as passive rather than active, but as Nicholas Jolley, in his introduction to Locke's philosophical theory, points out, this is "one of the most curious misconceptions about Locke. [31] He argues that "such a sort of slavish discipline makes a slavish temper" (Locke's emphasis). "[46], While it is possible to apply Locke's general principles of education to all children, and contemporaries such as Coste certainly did so, Locke himself, despite statements that may imply the contrary, believed that Some Thoughts applied only to the wealthy and the middle-class (or as they would have been referred to at the time, the "middling sorts"). This education "will not so perfectly suit the education of daughters; though where the difference of sex requires different treatment, it will be no hard matter to distinguish" (Locke's emphasis). Some Thoughts Concerning Education John Locke Edited by John W. Yolton and Jean S. Yolton. [25] Locke posited that if children were accustomed to having sodden feet, a sudden shower that wet their feet would not cause them to catch a cold. "John Locke and Isaac Watts: Understanding as Conduct. "[20] As both he and Tarcov highlight, Locke's writings are full of directives to seek out knowledge actively and reflect on received opinion; in fact, this was the essence of Locke's challenge to innatism.[21]. [6], In 1684, Mary Clarke and her husband Edward asked their friend John Locke for advice on raising their son Edward Jr.; Locke responded with a series of letters that eventually became Some Thoughts Concerning Education. Locke was convinced that children could reason early in life and that parents should address them as reasoning beings. [15] For example, he advises parents to watch their children carefully to discover their "aptitudes," and to nurture their children's own interests rather than force them to participate in activities which they dislike[16]—"he, therefore, that is about children should well study their natures and aptitudes and see, by often trials, what turn they easily take and what becomes them, observe what their native stock is, how it may be improved, and what it is fit for. "Locke's Liberal Theory of Parenthood. Read 32 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. [25] This passage suggests that, for Locke, education was fundamentally the same for men and women—there were only small, obvious differences for women. Locke first highlights that children "love to be treated as Rational Creatures," thus parents should treat them as such. "[52] Martin Simons states that Locke "suggested, both by implication and explicitly, that a boy's education should be along the lines already followed by some girls of the intelligent genteel classes. Qtd. [14] Although Locke argued strenuously for the tabula rasa theory of mind, he nevertheless did believe in innate talents and interests. "[49] He suggests, therefore, that "working schools" be set up in each parish in England for poor children so that they will be "from infancy [three years old] inured to work.