Moral rightness depends on 3 formulas of categorical imperative: 4.1 Consequentialism Two types of consequentialism (1) Egoistic and particularistic consequentialism One only takes into consideration how the consequences of an act will affect oneself or a given group – e.g. This is the basic logic of anti-euthanasia lobby. Kantianism is the philosophy of Immanuel Kant. These are; i. Utilitarianism: According to this concept people should endeavour to maximise welfare or utility in terms of Economics. ii. Consequentialism and Kantianism are two opposing concepts that fall under normative-ethics that deals with such questions as rightness or wrongness of an action. Kantianism respects human rights and law of equality. Therefore one can conclude that consequentialism is that the validation of actions is to be found in consequences. is strictly prohibited universally. German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was an opponent of Consequentialism, and propagated a deontological moral theory of ethics, which is popularly known as Kantianism theory of Ethics. Kantianism is the philosophy of Immanuel Kant. But such command as ‘you must not cheat’, is categorical imperative as no one can skip the command under any disguise even if cheating would increase welfare of an insolvent person. This approach to ethics is based upon the aphorism, ‘ends justify the means’. ii. Thus the action must satisfy wants. Secondly was the End in itself which claimed... ...into play in this situation. Actions of individuals or groups with prejudice or loyalty to sects, group, or family members may open the floodgate of mistrust in the society. iii. There are many similarities between utilitarianism and Kantianism that confuse some people. In this case consequentialism seems so be grasped but consequentialism states that actions are important because they are amongst their own consequences, and that in the long-term, results do not remain and are not certain. Both theories judge morality. According to Utilitarianism, euthanasia can be morally justified, whereas according to Kantianism, euthanasia is not morally justifiable; but I will argue that neither position provides an adequate resolution to the issue, due to the significant flaws that are inherent in the reasoning that led to their particular positions. Such evaluation is time consuming, and may defeat the purpose of such evaluation. i. viii. vi. The categorical imperative (what does it command of us?) I used to say little prayers when I was little girl, but I was always so unsure of what actually existed. Theft contradicts perfect duty. v. According to Kant, animals (non-humans) have no intrinsic value hence killing of them is not un-ethical. Plus points of consequence based ethics or Consequentialism. Ethics is concerned with moral philosophy and revolves around such issues as right or wrong, good or bad, virtue or vice, and justice or injustice. Some of the arguments for consequentialism are: According to the Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy the term ethics is used as synonymous with morality. It is an improvement from flaw of utilitarianism. Every alternative decision has to be thoroughly evaluated. The formula of universal law: Act only on that maxim (a rule that explains the reason for... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. For example, someone can encourage a supermarket to donate food to the needy instead of disposing it. vii. iii. - Motive However, it is something that I had to do. Consequentialism is the theory and/or idea that the morality should be judged on the action’s overall outcome or consequences. Kant’s theory is based on universal moral laws, regardless of culture, legal statute, or individual situations. Beyond the surface though, each of these Ethical ideas begin to differ greatly. This doctrine is challenged by environmentalists, and of course with solid reasons. A law we give ourselves: Reason. His Word is not arbitrary. Kantians and Consequentialists alike have presumed that Kantian ethics is incompatible with all forms of consequentialism, and that it instead justifies a system of agent‐centered restrictions, or deontological constraints, on the maximization of the good. This means that the theory holds the importance of duty and motives of an act in higher prestige than the consequences of said act. Consequentialism states that an action may only be right if its consequences have good results or are better than that of a different action which includes not doing anything. (Dodds, Lecture 2) Kantian moral theory and Utilitarianism are two theories that attempt to answer the ethical nature of human beings. Out of these two ethical theories I believe Consequentialism to be least likely to be false. and updated on September 23, 2014, Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects, Differences Between Consequentialism and Kantianism, Difference Between Hindu And Buddhist meditation, Difference Between Upper Middle Class and Lower Middle Class, Difference Between Deontology and Teleology, Difference Between Act and Rule Utilitarianism, The Difference Between Connectivism and Constructivism, Difference between Moderna and Pfizer Vaccine, Difference Between GDPR and Privacy Shield, Difference Between Vitamin D and Vitamin D3, Difference Between LCD and LED Televisions, Difference Between Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates, Difference Between Civil War and Revolution. This simply means that the end justifies means. iii. Even if everyone does the same in a sinking boat an unmanageable situation may arise leading to sinking of everyone in the boat. One should keep one's moves in good working order; it's been a while since I ran the steamroller These principles are the good will, establishing morality by reasoning alone, categorical imperative, duty rather than inclination, and summary and illustration. While this is sometimes true, it is important to understand how these theories differ. The theory respects the basic human right, ‘Right to live’. Kantianism is based on the different moral values but will reiterate that there are some good actions that may lead to bad consequences later on. Consequentialism involves complex decision making process in certain cases. And just like any other human being, I was raised to believe that animals too, go to heaven. - Determination of the will (Freedom) Okay to have sentiment or feelings supporting duty of doing right thing, as long as it’s not the reason for doing so. There are many different theories in ethics with consequentialism … In the worst case scenario, would this not leave an opening for cold-blooded murders to kill people without their consent, and make false claims that they did have their consent? Maxims are rules that are formulated as rules to follow as moral law similar to a divine commandment e.g. Sometimes, it may appear that both these theories simply arrive at the same conclusion by way of different paths.