The "funeral march" has become well known in popular culture. Notes scan: score scanned at 600dpi filter: score filtered with 2-point algorithm explained in High Quality Scanning.I provide the original scanned version and the filtered, because the filter does some changes (smoothening, sharpening borders) and some portions of the scan get lost sometimes (when they are too small e.g.) The Funeral March, the third movement of his Sonata No. , A recurring motif from the Prelude of Bach's, Main theme from the first movement of Chopin's Piano Sonata No. A frequently repeated motif of Bach's Prelude is noticeably similar to the main theme of the first movement of Chopin's sonata; in addition, similarly to the Finale of Chopin's sonata, the Prelude is a perpetuum mobile with four groups of quaver triplets per bar. ... My father has written to say that my old sonata [in C minor, Op. Chopin's Funeral March first appeared in the 1830s. The third movement, titled Marche funèbre, is a "stark juxtaposition of funeral march and pastoral trio". It has been widely arranged for other instrumentations, most notably for orchestra.  The trio of the movement, which is in the tonic's relative major, consists of a serene melody accompanied by quavers in the left hand. When the sonata was published in 1840 in the usual three cities of Paris, Leipzig, and London, the London and Paris editions indicated the repeat of the exposition as starting at the very beginning of the movement (at the Grave section). 20), the composer, in a letter to Fontana, wrote: Now concerning [Christian Rudolf Wessel], he is an ass and a cheater ... if he has lost on my compositions, it is doubtless due to the stupid titles he has given them in spite of my repeated railings to [Frederic Stapleton]; that if I listened to the voice of my soul, I would have never sent him anything more after those titles. [note 8] Schumann was critical of the work. 4 was not actually published until after Chopin's death, but the work had already been engraved and begun to circulate. 2 in B-flat minor, Op.  In addition, the Marche funèbre is sampled in a number of jazz compositions, including Duke Ellington's "Black and Tan Fantasy", and the Canadian electronic dance music musician deadmau5 used the theme from the Marche funèbre in his song "Ghosts 'n' Stuff". In this movement, "a complicated chromaticism is worked out in implied three- and four-part harmony entirely by means of one doubled monophonic line"; very similarly, the five measures that begin J. S. Bach's Fugue in A minor (BWV 543) imply a four-part harmony through a single monophonic line. Schumann said that the movement "seems more like a mockery than any [sort of] music", and when Felix Mendelssohn was asked for an opinion of it, he commented, "Oh, I abhor it". He got the idea to change it after taking a trip to Pennsylvania.  Additionally, Leikin describes the finale as "probably the most enigmatic piece Chopin ever wrote", and Anton Rubinstein is said to have remarked that the fourth movement is the "wind howling around the gravestones". I'll see the publishers damned before they get them for nothing. While the sonatas of Beethoven and Mozart comprised a considerable portion of their compositional output, this is not true of the next generation of composers: Franz Liszt only wrote two sonatas among his dozens of instrumental compositions, Robert Schumann seven (eight if including the Fantasie in C, Op. The third movement of the Piano Sonata No.  Franz Liszt, a friend of Chopin's, remarked that the Marche funèbre is "of such penetrating sweetness that we can scarcely deem it of this earth", and Charles Willeby wrote that it is by far "the most beautiful and consistent movement" of the work.